Luigi Russolo

Russolo was Futurist and also an early experimental and noise music innovator. He created noise machines to replicate the sounds of industry and the modern world. He then worked these sounds into compositions

Noise Machines

(Listen to the machines here:

The Art of Noises – 1913

This is Russolo manifesto on sound:



Pre-Electronic Amplification

Musikinstrumenten-Museum (Berlin)

Here are a few shot I took of some instruments that have been modified to increase there sound potential. They look ludicrous but also suggest basic ideas of sound dynamics.